Deciding to go through the process of adoption requires a certain level of commitment from the prospective parents; prospective parents can find the process physically and mentally exhausting. Adoption laws in the U.S. are complex, varying from state to state; without a good working knowledge of both, there is little chance of the process being successful. Because of the complexity of the process, many people are reluctant to adopt; all that is needed however, is an understanding of what is required and expected from adoptive parents in making a successful application.
This is a permanent relationship that is created between one or two adults and a child formerly the son or daughter of someone else; sometimes the child may have no family or they are a ward of court. Issues that complicate the selection process are because the new parent(s) must take full legal responsibility for the child; the child can also expect all the rights of a member of his or her new family. These rights extend to the full rights given to any child in a family including those surrounding inheritance.
It is important that everything is done according to law and the adoption cannot be complete until the naming to the child's genetic parents is made known for instance; this is a safeguard that protects all concerned form any problems later on. Naming the biological parents is not always possible and is governed by state law; there are situations where the biological parents have lost access or rights to their child for instance. Another scenario includes the adoption of an infant born to a teenage single mother; where the termination of the rights of the biological parents is done within the same court proceedings to finalize the adoption.
One Federal law that must be followed is the home study which must be completed by any person or couple who has decided to adopt with the United States; this is stipulated by law and is a requisite in all the states in the country. The reason for the home study to be carried out is for the protection of the child to ensure they are safe in the home they are to be raised in. Many issues are checked by social workers when a home study is being carried out including whether the adopting parents have criminal records; the medical history is also reviewed and an inspection of where the child will live.
If the home study is in the adoptive parents favor, a child will be matched to them and once this is done, they will only have to wait for the placement to happen. The application comes to an end only when the judge finishes his review of both sets of parents (when applicable); then he is able to grant approval. Like any other legislation in the country, adoption laws are also constantly changing; this is why it makes sense to know the law as this knowledge will also help you learn about the responsibilities and obligations as an adoptive parent.